The power supply recommended for AC powered installations where the observatory is located close to the AC power supply is the Meanwell GST120A12.
For observatories with heaters and long DC power cable runs the Meanwell HRP-300-12 is recommended as it's remote sense functionality allows it to compensate for any voltage drop in the long cable runs. (If no heaters are present, the Meanwell HRP-150-12 is the preferred option.)
Direct links to order Meanwell HRP-300-12 from USA:
HRP-300-12, Mouser Electronics
HRP-300-12, TRC Electronics
Accessories for Meanwell HRP-300-12:
TRC-E-HRP300450600 enclosure for HRP-300-12
US/Canada power cord for HRP-300-12
Power supply wiring with remote sense for long cable runs.
The recommended off the shelf for use on roofs or outdoor structures is the sunlight and abrasion resistant AlphaWire EcoFlex PUR 80045 SL005 (unshielded) or 80145 SL005 (braid shield). Digi-Key usually has one or the other in stock: 80045 SL005, 80145 SL005.
That cabling doesn't have a twisted pair, so we recommend wiring up the conductors to the green numbering in the two images below.
Recommended wiring on the power supply side for a 6 or 7 conductor cable (twisted pair will most likely not be present in off-the-shelf cables) You should use Blue 3mm Fork Crimps
to terminate the conductors for L,N,E,-V and +V. This power supply should be installed in a metal enclosure which should be connected via grounding studs to the Earth terminal. The enclosure's door or access panel also needs to be connected. See the Meanwell HRP datasheet for sense connector details.
Recommended wiring on the observatory power plug side for a 6 or 7 conductor cable (twisted pair will most likely not be present in off-the-shelf cables) Conductors 1 and 6 will need to be soldered to the side of C and B if thick conductors are used. The transition from insulated wire to contact needs to be covered by heat shrink to prevent short circuits if the cable subject to twisting torques.
Mathias Research Ranch Installation in Alberta, Canada
Long DC Cable Run Connector Care Package
If you need to build your own long cable with (using the cable listed above) you can request a Long DC Cable Run Connector Care Package from us. It should contain:
Long DC Cable Assembly
Cut around cable jacket about 50 mm back from cable end, careful only to cut jacket and do not nick wire insulation. If you do nick wire insulation, cut off section and start again.
Bend cable and carefully slice away jacket without nicking wire insulation. If you do nick wire insulation, cut off section and start again.
Pull off jacket to reveal wires.
Cut fibrous centre reinforcement.
End should now look like this.
This sort of wire stripper and cutter is recommended. Ensure it is sharp otherwise you'll have a hard time inserting the mangled conductor into the crimp contacts.
Trim wires back using wire cutters and place cable gland (without nut) onto cable.
Place cable gland adaptor on cable and screw together with cable gland.
Strip ends for crimp contacts.
Use the correct crimp tool for the contacts, or solder the connections. Pliers won't work.
Set your crimp tool to the correct setting on the coloured wheel on the back (red on ours). Insert your crimp contacts into the tool.
Ensure the contact is fully inserted and crimp fully without stopping.
This is what a good crimp looks like. Ensure the wire is visible in the hole. If not, then you didn't strip enough insulation of or insert the wire deep enough.
Crimp the other power contacts.
Cut ≈10 mm lengths of 3 or 5 mm heatshrink tubing, yellow for +12V and black for GND.
Place the heatshink over the wires, taking care to use the correct colours (yellow for +12V and black for GND) and to bundle the voltage sense wires inside the heatshrink with their corresponding power contacts (which they will be soldered to later).
Use the contact insertion tool to push the contacts into the plug.
Insert the contacts, grip around the skinny part initially before moving back to the crimp part to avoid bending the contacts. If you do bend the contacts, cut the wires and start again. Do not straighten bent contacts.
We will now use our soldering station to solder the voltage sense wires to the power contacts.
Place a blob of solder on the side of the crimp part of the two power contacts where the voltage sense wires will be attached.
Tin the voltage sense wires.
Your connector should now look like this.
Press the wire to the contact with tweezers and reflow the solder to make the connection.
Your connector should now look like this. The solder joints should look smoother and shinier than this though.
Push the heatshrink tubing up to cover the contacts.
We will now use a hot air station to shrink the heatshink tubing. You can use a hot air gun or a lighter instead.
Shrink the tubing with hot air. Take care not to melt the insulation.
Your connector should now look like this:
Slide up the adaptor and cable gland.
Tighten the cable gland adaptor onto the connector. It can be helpful to mate the plug with a fireball observatory when doing this.
After tightening the gland adaptor onto the plug, and the gland onto the adaptor, tighten the cable gland to clamp onto the cable. Doing this in the correct order is important to ensure that the wires aren't forcefully twisted inside the plug, which could cause a short circuit.
The gland should clamp the cable securely like this.
The plug should now look like this.
Cut the long DC cable to the required length and strip the jacket from the other end.
You will need to strip the jacket from a longer length.
Cut out the centre material.
Cut a ≈30 mm length of ≈10 mm heat shrink (glue lined if available) to provide strain relief for the wires exiting the jacket.
Place the thick heatshink over the end of the jacket.
Cut some ≈10 mm lengths of 1.5-3 mm heatshrink for the voltage sense wires.
Cut some ≈10 mm lengths of 3 or 5 mm heatshrink tubing which will be used to label the fork crimps. Use yellow for +12V and black for GND.
Place the heatshrink on the wires ensuring that the colours correctly match the pins at the other end. You can use the continuity checker (beep) functionality of a multimeter to check which wire is connected to which pin.
Strip the power wires for the 4 mm fork terminals.
Use a crimp tool for insulated terminals like this to crimp the fork terminals onto the ends of the wires. Ensure that the labelling heat shrink doesn't fall off. Use a ratcheting crimp tool like this with a good quality die. Do not use a non-ratcheting crimp tool made from two pieces of stamped steel.
Cut back the voltage sense wires about 50 mm and strip about 5 mm.
Cut the pre-crimped DF-11 jumper cables in half and trim to about 20 mm longer than the off-cuts from the voltage sense wires (a length of about 70 mm). Strip about 5 mm from the ends of the jumper wires.
Tin the stripped ends of the voltage sense wires and jumper wires.
Join the wires and reflow the solder with the soldering iron.
The joints should look something like this.
Slide the thin heatshrink tubing down to the joint use hot air to shrink.
Shrink the strain relief heatshrink tubing as well, lining up the centre of the heatshrink tubing up with the end of the jacket.
add df 11 stuff
The long DC cable is now complete and the power supply end should look like this.